Today, 13th January exactly marks the 90th birthday of Ghana’s first female Police Officer, Rosemond Nkansah.
Even though she is old now, it could be seen from her photo below that she was good at her job when she served in the police service many years ago. Meanwhile, professional policing was introduced by the British Colonial Authorities to the Gold Coast now the Republic of Ghana in 1821.
Before then, policing or maintenance of law and order was handled by the traditional authorities such as the local herdsmen and chiefs, who employed unpaid messengers to carry out the executive and judicial functions in their respective communities.
In 1894, the Institution of Police was formalized with the passing of the Police Ordinance which gave legal authority for the formation of a civil police force.
Then in 1902 the force was split into General, Escort, Mines and Railway Police, which was legalized by the Police [Amendment] Ordinance of 1904.